Common Roof Terms
Eave: The edge of the roof that projects beyond the house wall
Fascia: Wood or other trim covering the ends of the rafters.
Frieze Board: A flat trim board running horizontally at the top of a wall.
Soffit: The underside of the rafters and roof at the eaves; usually a horizontal board between the fascia and the frieze board.
Deck: The structural nailing base for the roof surface, usually of wood or plywood and felt underlayment.
Exposure: The portion of each shingle exposed to the weather.
Flashing: Metal or other waterproof materials that connect roof shingles to chimneys, valleys, vents, walls, eaves, and rakes.
Rake: The edge of a pitched roof at the gable end.
Ridge: The top edge of the roof, where two roof slopes meet in a horizontal line.
Valley: The junction where two downward sloping roofs meet at an angle; a channel for runoff.