The great majority of buildings on Main Street are one-and-a-half to two stories tall; in the 200 West Main block and the 100 East Main block, all of the buildings are two stories tall. Of the five three-story buildings present, four are placed at the end of the block, giving a strong image to the street corner. Fourteen one-story buildings are peppered throughout the street.
Guidelines on Height
Study the particular block-face in which construction is contemplated: if buildings are basically the same height, maintain the alignment of building cornices or rooflines. If height varies occasionally, the height of new construction should fall within a range of 10% of the mean building height found in the block. In areas where there is more variation in building type and height, the height of new construction should be within the range of heights found on the immediate block.
Corner buildings present special characteristics. As stated above, they are often larger or more imposing than buildings in the center of blocks. For new construction on corners, building height should be similar to that of buildings on the adjoining corners; emphasis of the corner is encouraged.
When similar buildings stand side-by-side, the group can reveal a pattern of horizontal bands created by the repetition of architectural elements. The most prominent horizontal element is the line created by the tops of the storefronts, which does not vary greatly from building to building. Other prominent horizontal elements are cornice lines and the repetition of second-floor window sills and hoods. By looking carefully at the photomontage board, each block front can be analyzed to discover its horizontal rhythms.
Guidelines on Horizontal Bands
Wherever possible, existing horizontal bands should be retained and preserved; owners should remove large signs that may cover the banding to allow the horizontal elements to be expressed. When horizontal rhythms are found, new construction or rehabilitation of existing buildings should encourage retention of the horizontal elements that exist in buildings to either side of the subject building. New construction should employ the vocabulary of horizontal banding that exists in Stoughton’s other historic buildings.